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习近平:建设中国特色中国风格中国气派的考古学 更好认识源远流长博大精深的中华文明
2021-11-30    《求是》

建设中国特色中国风格中国气派的考古学 更好认识源远流长博大精深的中华文明 

习近平 

 

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2020年9月22日,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平在京主持召开教育文化卫生体育领域专家代表座谈会并发表重要讲话,就“十四五”时期经济社会发展听取意见和建议。 新华社记者 鞠鹏/摄 

一、充分认识我国考古工作的重大成就和重要意义 

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2020年5月11日至12日,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平在山西考察。这是5月11日下午,习近平在大同市云冈石窟考察历史文化遗产保护情况。 新华社记者 刘彬/摄 

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二、做好我国考古工作和历史研究 

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第一,继续探索未知、揭示本源。我国古代历史还有许多未知领域,考古工作任重道远。比如,夏代史研究还存在大量空白,因缺乏足够的文字记载,通过考古发现来证实为信史就显得特别重要。又比如,“三皇五帝”等史前人物,是神话传说还是确有其人?也需要考古工作去揭开谜底。要实施好“中华文明起源与早期发展综合研究”、“考古中国”等重大项目,加强考古资源调查和政策需求调研工作,提高考古工作规划水平。要围绕一些重大历史问题作出总体安排,集中力量攻关,不断取得新突破。

2019年9月29日,中华人民共和国国家勋章和国家荣誉称号颁授仪式在北京人民大会堂金色大厅隆重举行。中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平向“文物保护杰出贡献者”国家荣誉称号获得者樊锦诗颁授奖章。 新华社记者 王晔/摄 

第二,做好考古成果的挖掘、整理、阐释工作。考古学界要会同经济、法律、政治、文化、社会、生态、科技、医学等领域研究人员,做好出土文物和遗址的研究阐释工作,把我国文明起源和发展以及对人类的重大贡献更加清晰、更加全面地呈现出来。要吸收最新史学研究成果,及时对我国古代历史部分内容进行完善,以完整准确讲述我国古代历史,更好发挥以史育人作用。

第三,搞好历史文化遗产保护工作。考古遗迹和历史文物是历史的见证,必须保护好、利用好。要建立健全历史文化遗产资源资产管理制度,建设国家文物资源大数据库,加强相关领域文物资源普查、名录公布的统筹指导,强化技术支撑,引导社会参与。要把历史文化遗产保护放在第一位,同时要合理利用,使其在提供公共文化服务、满足人民精神文化生活需求方面充分发挥作用。要健全不可移动文物保护机制,把文物保护管理纳入国土空间规划编制和实施。要制定“先考古、后出让”的制度设计和配套政策,对可能存在历史文化遗存的土地,在依法完成考古调查、勘探、发掘前不得使用。要深刻汲取国内外重大文物灾害事故教训,督察落实主体责任,强化隐患整治,增强历史文化遗产防护能力。要加强执法督察,规范举报流程,严厉打击文物犯罪。

第四,加强考古能力建设和学科建设。要坚持辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义,深入进行理论探索,包括探讨符合历史实际的人类文明特别是中华文明的认定标准,努力建设中国特色、中国风格、中国气派的考古学,增强中国考古学在国际考古学界的影响力、话语权。要运用科学技术提供的新手段新工具,提高考古工作发现和分析能力,提高历史文化遗产保护能力。要积极培养壮大考古队伍,让更多年轻人热爱、投身考古事业,让考古事业后继有人、人才辈出。

三、用好考古和历史研究成果 

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※这是习近平总书记2020年9月28日在十九届中央政治局第二十三次集体学习时的讲话。 

 

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